Sovata , an internationally known health-resort and popular holiday destination , is the sixth largest town of Mures County (central Transylvania) , Romania . Located at a distance of 60 km from Targu Mures , the seat of Mures County , it is accessible by car on the E60 driveway and 13A county road . The settlement is situated at the Western foot of the Ghiurghiului mountains , that are part of the volcanic range of the Eastern Carpathians. It lies in the small contact basin under Seaca Mare (Mezőhavas – 1777 m) mountains , 436-610 m above sea level .
Relief , geological structure
There are two kinds of very precious rocks to be found in significant quantities in Sovata : andesite and halite (rock-salt).
Andesite is a volcanic rock - solidified lava that sprang forth in the tertiary period. Being very easy to work with , it is a widely used building material , that can be found in various shades of gray and black .
Rock-salt is the precious treasure of the Salt Region , that came into being about 20-22 million years ago , when the shallow Thetis Sea that once covered the Transylvanian basin dried out , leaving behind a layer of salt covered in time by sediments.
The relief of Sovata is made up by the small basin and the picturesque hills and mountains surrounding it : Capela (Kápolnáshegy -715 m) , Piatra Siclodului (Siklódkő -1028 m), Becheci (Bekecs -1078 m) , Kopac (651 m) and Ciresul (Cseresznyéshegy - 956 m) , all covered by rich forests .
The water network of Sovata consists of rivers streaming forth from the Ghiurghiului mountains , several salt springs and the amazing dolina lakes.
The brooks , streamlets and small rivers of Sovata belong to the watershed area of the upper stream of the Tarnava-Mica (Kis-Küküllő ) river . The spring of the Tarnava-Mica (Kis-Küküllő )can be found in the vicinity of the Bucin hill-top (1287 m) by the driveway . The three most-significant rivers : the 30 km long Sovata brook , the 18 km long Sebes streamlet and 17 km long Juhod stream empty into the Tarnava-Mica (Kis-Küküllő )in the southern part of the city . Cris-Toplita (Kőrös-Toplita) and Auriu (Aranybánya) are two smaller streamlets in Sovata that played a crucial role in the creation and preservation of the famous heliothermal Lake Ursu .
Today there are six major salt lakes in Sovata , that came into being in dolinas formed on salt karst - irregular-bordered dishes of different sizes .These are : Lake Ursu , Lake Negru , Lake Alunis , Lake Mierlei , Lake Verde and Lake Rosu . Freshwater lakes worth mentioning are Lake Paraschiva , and Lake Serpilor - once of a significant size , today it’s turned into a mere swamp .
The climate of Sovata is moderate continental , with an exceptionally favourable micro-climate . The resinous , slightly salty air rich in oxygen and negative ions makes this region a veritable sanatory for those suffering of different illnesses , and also a great source of refreshment for those searching recreation . Apart from their beneficial effect on air-quality , the surrounding forests also contribute to the conservation of ground-water , the even distribution of precipitation , as well as prevetion of floods and landslides.
The annual precipitation quantity amounts to 730-750mm , the annual medium temperature is 8,2 grade C , the warmest month is August , January being the coldest .
The domineering wind direction is of West , South-West , and the number of windy days is small (113 on average )due to the forest-clad mountains encircling the Sovata basin .
According to data issued by the Mures County Statistical Institute , on 1st July 2010 Sovata had 9880 inhabitants , 25%of whom were in the 0-19 years age group , 58% of the population aged 20-64 , 17 % aged 65 or more.
According to 2002 Census data , distribution by ethnicity in the population of Sovata was as follows : 90,1 % Hungarian , 7,82 % Romanian , the remaning 2,08 % Romani .
Sovata is a town of unique beauty, located in the Salt District of Transylvania (Romania) where turists and visitors are bedazzled by natural treasures as heliotermic salt lakes situated in picturesque dolines, salt and its carstic forms, flowery meadows with trickling streamlets, surrounded by century-old forests.
It is an internationally known health-resort and holiday destination, thanks to its curative salt lakes, most of all the famous Lake Ursu (Bear Lake), recommended for the medical treatment of gynecological, rheumatic, nervous and endocrine diseases, as well as treatment of post-traumatic problems.
Wooden villas abundant in floral motifs, that appear to be an organic part of the local environment – fine examples of the typical mountain architecture – along with modern establishments, excellent accomodation services and highly qualified personnel also recommend Sovata as a holiday destination.
I welcome you to the virtual world of Sovata, hoping information presented on this site will be helpful in getting a better insight into the past and present of Sovata, and attract you to experience the riches of the land and the hospitality of our people first hand.
Fülöp László Zsolt